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The East African destination of Tanzania is known for its wilderness areas and famous geographical landmarks, including the majestic, snow-capped Mount Kilimanjaro. From the beaches of Zanzibar to the coral gardens off Mafia and Pemba Islands, a Tanzanian safari will give you many breathtaking and memorable experiences, the following top Tanzanian tourist attractions showcase sights for the traveler who is looking for a vacation that highlights natural wonders.
Mount Kilimanjaro National Park
Mount Kilimanjaro National Park is where you’ll find the highest mountain peak on the continent, making it one of the most popular attractions in the country. You can climb the mountain at any time of the year, but the recommended period is during the dry season that runs from late June to the month of October. Kilimanjaro is a World Heritage site. It was formed more than one million years ago, and its Uhuru Peak is one of the world’s Seven Summits.
The lower level of the mountain is farmland, and as you climb, you’ll go through rainforests, alpine meadows and then lunar landscapes. Eland, monkeys, leopards and buffaloes roam the rainforest slopes, and the alpine area is a great spot for viewing birds of prey.
Serengeti National Park
An enormous treeless plain, Serengeti National Park is rife with wildlife on the hunt for fresh grasslands. It’s the country’s largest national park, with visitors usually peaking during the period from December through June, which is the prime season for wildlife watching.
Around early spring, a migration of millions of wildebeest and zebra takes place, and it’s an impressive natural event to behold. This park boasts close to 500 species of bird in its swamp areas as well as antelopes, hyenas, cheetahs, lions, bat-eared foxes, jackals and hunting dogs.
The Beaches of Zanzibar
Tanzania’s Zanzibar archipelago consists of the islands of Pemba and Zanzibar. Zanzibar is a popular travel destination that is famous for its clear-water, white-sand beaches with varying surf levels. In Zanzibar’s heart, you’ll find Stone Town, a multicultural World Heritage site with old Arabian townhouses and a maze of narrow alleys lined with homes, mosques and bazaars.
Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Nestled between Lake Manyara and the Serengeti, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area offers a unique wildlife viewing opportunity and is home to the volcanic Ngorongoro Crater. The crater is a water supply that attracts animals to stay in the area instead of migrating. Zebras and wildebeests are the predominant species in the crater floor area, but visitors might also see hippos, Thomson’s gazelles, elephants, rhinos, buffaloes and lions.
Bird watching and large game viewing is a popular pastime here, but the vital archaeological site known as the Olduvai Gorge is also something to see, having provided many human, animal and cultural fossils to researchers. It was here that famous husband-and-wife archaeologists Louis and Mary Leakey unearthed human fossils that were two million years old.
Be sure to carefully plan your visit to Tanzania so you don’t miss out on any of the natural beauty and historical significance this country has to offer. With its animal watching opportunities and history-making sites, Tanzania has something to offer just about any traveler.